SMS gateway allows a computer to send or receive Short Message Service (SMS) transmissions to or from a telecommunications network. SMS gateways facilitate and streamline text messaging processes for organizations, and will often do some of the conversion to different formats. Most messages are eventually routed into the mobile phone networks. SMS gateways solve a common telecommunications problem that of different wireless telephony providers using different or proprietary communication protocols. An SMS gateway can also serve as an international gateway for users with roaming capability, allowing SMS communication away from the home network. The gateway acts as a relay, translating one protocol into another. Wireless network operators use SMS gateways to connect SMS centers (SMSCs) wherein it handles SMS operations, such as routing, forwarding and storing incoming text messages on their way to desired endpoints.